TMJ/TMD or Jaw Pain
Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) is colloquially called TMJ (temporomandibular joint) and encompasses a wide range of pain conditions that affect the jaw. This is because the temporomandibular joint which connects the jaw bone to the skull is supported by muscles and ligaments. Thus, TMJ pain can range from neck pain and shoulder pain to facial muscle pain to headaches and joint pain.
Neuropathic pain or nerve related pain can present in many different ways in the head, face and neck. This can range from trigeminal neuralgia to glossopharyngeal neuralgia to burning mouth syndrome to post trigeminal neuropathic pain to post herpetic neuralgia. Often neuropathic pain also known as nerve related pain presents as a burning or electric pain.
Primary headache disorders include migraine, tension-type headache, trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (such as cluster headache) and other primary headache disorders. Headache disorders may present as chronic sinus pressure and pain to headaches that occur in the back of the head to headaches accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Treating headaches requires a multidisciplinary approach.